The dermopigmentist’s vocabulary: frequently asked questions about dermopigmentation

For those encountering the world of dermopigmentation for the first time, it is not always easy to identify clear and reliable sources of information.
Let’s try to collect some of the answers to the frequently asked questions about permanent make-up and the work of dermopigmentists, to address the most common doubts.

What is dermopigmentation?

Dermopigmentation consists in the deposition of pigment particles within the skin through sterile disposable needles to improve its appearance, enhance characteristics, correct aesthetic imperfections or discolorations, or recreate missing pigmentation.
The purpose of dermopigmentation can be aesthetic or restorative post-pathology, sometimes called medical dermopigmentation. The purpose of dermopigmentation can be aesthetic or restorative post-pathology, sometimes called medical dermopigmentation.
This practice includes what is commonly referred to as “permanent make-up” for lips, eyebrows and eyeliner. Microblading also falls into the permanent make-up category.
It can be done manually, like microblading, but a mechanical tool called a dermograph is needed to obtain the best results using the latest techniques.

Is there a difference between permanent make-up and semi-permanent make-up?

Although there is often some confusion, actually there is no difference between permanent make-up and semi-permanent makeup.
The two terms are used synonymously to indicate techniques very similar to tattooing, from which they differ in terms of the material used and the lower depth at which colors are positioned, colors which in dermopigmentation imitate make-up.
In dermopigmentation, however, bio-absorbable pigments are used, which are then reabsorbed by the body over a specific timeframe.

What does PMU mean?

PMU is the acronym for Permanent Make Up, the English term to describe permanent make-up and dermopigmentation activities in general.

What is a dermograph and how does it work?

A dermograph is an electromechanical device specially created for specific treatments such as PMU and other aesthetic treatments, such as trichological dermopigmentation (LINK CORSO, which is used to carry out dermopigmentation. The color is deposited in the superficial dermis through fine needles. Compared to a traditional tattoo machine, the dermograph is a more delicate tool and above all the needles and colors used in dermopigmentation guarantee a more precise and less traumatic intervention, especially on facial skin. On our site you can find more information both on the range of Clinita dermographs and on the needles designed for dermopigmentation.

Clinita dermographs can also be used for microneedling or bioinduction of collagen.

What is the difference between organic and inorganic pigments?

Inorganic pigments are substances usually obtained from mineral elements, while organic pigments are currently derived from chemical synthesis.

Organic colors are less stable but more durable over time so a careful production procedure is required to make them stable and insoluble in the skin so they maintain their brightness over time. To make organic pigments insoluble and stable, it is necessary to use binding agents which can be very expensive. On the other hand, inorganic pigments are naturally insoluble (and therefore do not require binding elements), less bright but opaque than organic ones, and bio-absorbable by the skin, although they may contain potentially allergenic impurities. Both organic and inorganic raw materials are safe and stable if the whole production process is strictly controlled. Organic and inorganic components can be used in synergy to make the most of their different characteristics.

The use of different types of organic and inorganic pigments has recently undergone important changes, due to the introduction of the new Reach regulation. To find out more, we recommend reading this article from our blog: pigments for dermopigmentation, changes introduced by the Reach regulation.

Here you will find all the Clinita colors: permanent make up pigments.

How does microblading work?

Microblading is an eyebrow (but not only) tattooing technique performed with a manual tool.

Tools made up of small needles in sequence, similar to dermopigmentation needles (such as slopes or 11U) with which the color is deposited in the superficial layer of the dermis or papillary dermis.
Unlike dermopigmentation, which is carried out using a dermograph, it is therefore a completely manual procedure. Both permanent make-up techniques are effective but the difference requires different dexterity on operator’s part. It is important to choose the right technique for each skin type.
With microblading you can achieve beautiful hyper-realistic effects, but you need to be highly skilled at using microblading blades. You can learn all the secrets of this technique by attending our three-day microblading course.

How do you become a dermopigmentist?

For those who want to enter the world of dermopigmentation, identifying the right training course is one of the first steps.
At Clinita we offer various dermopigmentation courses, from the basic course to the advanced skills modules.

We recommend that you first register for the basic dermopigmentation course in person as it allows you to learn the basics and practical techniques, and then over time integrate the Clinita Webinar available online. Clinita provides learners with crucial support via its app where they can chat directly with tutors and find many tutorials and many other useful tools for those entering the profession.

On the pages dedicated to the individual modules that make up the basic dermopigmentation course you can find the complete program and the calendar of the next scheduled dates:

The fundamentals: eyebrow dermopigmentation
The fundamentals: lip dermopigmentation course
The fundamentals: eyeliner dermopigmentation course


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